Moderate. Liberal. Conservative. Republican. Democrat. Independent. With choices like these, who's to say what the Pew Research poll means! What does it mean to say you are a liberal or a conservative? What does it mean to say you are a Republican, Democrat or independent? And what does it mean to derive meaning from polls?
More Now See GOP as Very Conservative - Views of Parties' Ideologies (Pew Research) Nearly half of independents (47%) say their political views are moderate, about the same as last year. The remainder tilt conservative, with 33% saying they are either conservative (29%) or very conservative (4%); 17% say their views are either liberal (14%) or very liberal (3%).
Whereas modernist conversation required a grounding in epistemological
claims about why we think and feel the way we do when we try
to influence each other, Newman and Holzman see that view of
language as a kind of "aboutness" and as limiting.
In contrast, they propose a view of language as something we
perform in relationships, and they take readers beyond John
Shotter's position that all meaning-making conversation occurs
in a context of justification and argumentation. They suggest,
instead, that new meaning is best created in a shared performance
of meaning, and they discourage recitations or negotiation
of meanings that we bring from our prior forms of "knowing". -- A Review of Fred Newman and Lois Holzman's The End of Knowing, By Tom Strong, Division
of Applied Psychology at the University of Calgary